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Chinese Architecture

Chinese architectural style is a unique architectural style which uses timber as the primary construction material. As one of the three famous architectural styles, together with Western and Islamic architecture, Chinese architecture is distinguished by the following main characteristics:

  • Its greatest achievements are the royal palaces and city planning, which reflect China's supreme imperial authority and social estate system;
  • It is in perfect harmony with nature. Chinese architectural styles resonate the moral principles, aesthetic conceptions and values of Chinese people;
  • Its courtyards were built around an axis.

It is generally accepted that traditional Chinese architectural style can be classified into several categories: royal palaces, residential houses, and religious temples and pagodas and tombs. However, the architectural styles of different regions and nationalities in China may vary in characteristics and functions. Travelling all the way from the Northern China to the South, from the Yellow River down to the Yangtze River, from the province of Heilongjiang, Shandong, and Shanxi to Tibet, Yunnan, and Guangxi, you will be moved by the works of Chinese architects whose differences styles, structures, and materials can be found in various regions, even in different districts within the same city.

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